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进入“深水区”,国企改革如何突围?

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年10月16日 03:59:30
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名人坊娱乐平台直招龙虎代理客服QQ/微信【957734114】诚招代理【在线开户网址um996.com】龙虎和龙虎1赔2.211合1赔9.95,定位胆1赔9.95腾讯分分彩,5分,10分彩,最高返水100反9快,最高赔率,正规信誉大平台平台24h提供注册及登录。进入“深水区”,国企改革如何突围?

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(  新)(华)(网)(北)(京)(12月)(20日)(电)((记)(者)(华)(晔)(迪)()一)(边)(是)(全)(国)(国)(企)(利)(润)(连)(续)(多)(月)(下)(滑)(、部)(分)(行)(业)(持)(续)(亏)(损)(,迫)(切)(需)(要)(改)(革)(提)(供)(“牵)(引)(力)(”,助)(推)(企)(业)(转)(型)(升)(级)(;一)(边)(是)(文)(件)(措)(施)(不)(断)(出)(台)(,改)(革)(在)(更)(大)(范)(围)(内)(全)(面)(推)(进)(。进)(入)(“深)(水)(区)(”的)(国)(企)(改)(革)(,该)(如)(何)(突)(围)(?  【形)(势)(不)(容)(改)(革)(迟)(缓)(】  关)(注)(政)(策)(动)(向)(的)(人)(会)(注)(意)(,2015年)(的)(国)(务)(院)(常)(务)(会)(议)(,六)(次)(提)(及)(国)(有)(企)(业)(和)(央)(企)(发)(展)(。最)(新)(一)(次)(颇)(为)(不)(同)(,9日)(的)(这)(次)(会)(议)(提)(到)(,对)(中)(央)(企)(业)(面)(临)(困)(难)(不)(容)(低)(估)(,还)(是)(要)(坚)(持)(深)(化)(改)(革)(,以)(提)(高)(质)(量)(效)(益)(为)(中)(心)(,综)(合)(施)(策)(,促)(进)(央)(企)(纾)(难)(解)(困)(。  对)(于)(国)(有)(企)(业)(,形)(势)(,已)(经)(来)(到)(必)(须)(来)(一)(场)(脱)(胎)(换)(骨)(的)(改)(革)(时)(刻)(。经)(济)(高)(增)(长)(时)(期)(,国)(企)(的)(一)(些)(问)(题)(容)(易)(被)(掩)(盖)(,随)(着)(经)(济)(增)(长)(步)(入)(新)(常)(态)(,部)(分)(国)(企)(特)(别)(是)(产)(能)(过)(剩)(行)(业)(国)(企)(弊)(端)(尽)(显)(,而)(实)(现)(转)(型)(升)(级)(、培)(育)(增)(长)(新)(动)(能)(,亟)(须)(改)(革)(“牵)(引)(力)(”。  财)(政)(部)(数)(据)(显)(示)(,前)(10月)(全)(国)(国)(有)(企)(业)(利)(润)(下)(滑)(9.8%,比)(前)(9月)(扩)(大)(1.6个)(百)(分)(点)(;地)(方)(国)(有)(企)(业)(利)(润)(连)(续)(三)(月)(同)(比)(下)(降)(,由)(前)(8月)(降)(1%、前)(9月)(降)(2.7%,扩)(大)(至)(前)(10月)(下)(降)(6%。  记)(者)(调)(研)(发)(现)(,在)(钢)(铁)(、煤)(炭)(和)(有)(色)(等)(持)(续)(亏)(损)(行)(业)(,为)(数)(不)(少)(的)(企)(业)(已)(连)(续)(多)(个)(季)(度)(亏)(损)(、债)(务)(不)(断)(攀)(升)(、低)(效)(问)(题)(尽)(显)(,一)(些)(企)(业)(举)(步)(维)(艰)(,甚)(至)(已)(无)(力)(自)(救)(。  以)(钢)(铁)(行)(业)(为)(例)(,据)(中)(钢)(协)(统)(计)(,今)(年)(上)(半)(年)(86家)(纳)(入)(统)(计)(的)(钢)(铁)(企)(业)(负)(债)(总)(额)(达)(到)(3万)(亿)(元)(,相)(当)(于)(这)(些)(钢)(厂)(全)(部)(销)(售)(收)(入)(的)(1.67倍)(,是)(其)(利)(润)(总)(额)(的)(一)(千)(多)(倍)(,规)(模)(最)(大)(的)(10家)(钢)(铁)(企)(业)(中)(,一)(般)(以)(上)(企)(业)(负)(债)(率)(超)(过)(70%。  【文)(件)(措)(施)(陆)(续)(出)(台)(】  从)(9月)(13日)(中)(共)(中)(央)(、国)(务)(院)(印)(发)(《关)(于)(深)(化)(国)(有)(企)(业)(改)(革)(的)(指)(导)(意)(见)(》以)(来)(,已)(有)(关)(于)(混)(合)(所)(有)(制)(、国)(有)(资)(本)(管)(理)(体)(制)(等)(9个)(配)(套)(文)(件)(陆)(续)(出)(台)(,另)(有)(10个)(文)(件)(即)(将)(出)(台)(。  一)(些)(改)(革)(措)(施)(逐)(步)(推)(开)(。央)(企)(层)(面)(,国)(投)(、中)(粮)(、国)(药)(等)(6家)(央)(企)(“四)(项)(改)(革)(”试)(点)(工)(作)(稳)(步)(推)(进)(;在)(顶)(层)(方)(案)(指)(导)(下)(,北)(京)(、上)(海)(、贵)(州)(、吉)(林)(等)(地)(正)(着)(手)(细)(化)(改)(革)(落)(实)(方)(案)(。  【未)(来)(】据)(记)(者)(了)(解)(,包)(括)(混)(合)(所)(有)(制)(、市)(场)(化)(选)(聘)(经)(营)(管)(理)(者)(在)(内)(的)(国)(企)(“十)(项)(改)(革)(”试)(点)(已)(列)(入)(国)(务)(院)(改)(革)(领)(导)(小)(组)(议)(事)(日)(程)(,目)(前)(,有)(关)(部)(门)(正)(在)(研)(究)(制)(定)(方)(案)(,试)(点)(工)(作)(将)(于)(明)(年)(全)(面)(展)(开)(。  而)(为)(促)(进)(央)(企)(纾)(难)(解)(困)(、在)(市)(场)(拼)(搏)(中)(提)(质)(升)(级)(,前)(述)(国)(务)(院)(常)(务)(会)(议)(提)(出)(,对)(持)(续)(亏)(损)(三)(年)(以)(上)(且)(不)(符)(合)(结)(构)(调)(整)(方)(向)(的)(企)(业)(采)(取)(资)(产)(重)(组)(、产)(权)(转)(让)(、关)(闭)(破)(产)(等)(方)(式)(予)(以)(“出)(清)(”,清)(理)(处)(置)(“僵)(尸)(企)(业)(”。  一)(些)(旨)(在)(为)(国)(企)(发)(展)(卸)(包)(袱)(、助)(企)(业)(轻)(装)(上)(阵)(的)(举)(措)(也)(列)(入)(出)(台)(日)(程)(,诸)(如)(剥)(离)(企)(业)(办)(社)(会)(职)(能)(,2016年)(在)(全)(国)(全)(面)(推)(开)(供)(水)(、供)(电)(、供)(热)(和)(物)(业)(管)(理)(分)(离)(移)(交)(;加)(大)(产)(能)(过)(剩)(行)(业)(呆)(坏)(账)(核)(销)(力)(度)(等)(。  【落)(实)(难)(度)(不)(可)(低)(估)(】  文)(件)(出)(台)(,只)(是)(第)(一)(步)(,如)(何)(落)(到)(实)(处)(,依)(然)(考)(验)(着)(从)(相)(关)(部)(委)(到)(地)(方)(政)(府)(,到)(作)(为)(改)(革)(主)(体)(的)(企)(业)(及)(企)(业)(负)(责)(人)(的)(魄)(力)(和)(智)(慧)(。  记)(者)(调)(研)(发)(现)(,国)(有)(企)(业)(改)(革)(涉)(及)(不)(同)(地)(域)(、不)(同)(行)(业)(,牵)(扯)(多)(个)(部)(门)(,推)(进)(中)(依)(然)(存)(在)(这)(样)(或)(那)(样)(的)(障)(碍)(,有)(些)(源)(自)(对)(关)(键)(性)(问)(题)(认)(识)(不)(到)(位)(,有)(的)(源)(自)(对)(改)(革)(路)(径)(理)(解)(不)(清)(晰)(,有)(的)(源)(自)(部)(分)(改)(革)(主)(体)(动)(力)(不)(足)(,有)(的)(则)(是)(企)(业)(长)(期)(亏)(损)(、包)(袱)(沉)(重)(,已)(无)(力)(自)(我)(改)(革)(。  以)(“僵)(尸)(企)(业)(”处)(置)(为)(例)(,记)(者)(调)(研)(发)(现)(,企)(业)(退)(出)(既)(牵)(扯)(债)(务)(,又)(涉)(及)(大)(量)(职)(工)(安)(置)(,如)(何)(设)(计)(严)(密)(的)(退)(出)(方)(案)(,同)(时)(给)(出)(能)(平)(衡)(各)(方)(诉)(求)(的)(解)(决)(路)(径)(,考)(验)(地)(方)(魄)(力)(和)(智)(慧)(。  又)(比)(如)(,被)(资)(本)(市)(场)(密)(切)(关)(注)(的)(国)(企)(兼)(并)(重)(组)(。记)(者)(发)(现)(,当)(前)(国)(企)(重)(组)(多)(为)(行)(政)(性)(安)(排)(,实)(际)(操)(作)(中)(,企)(业)(间)(“各)(打)(小)(算)(盘)(”情)(况)(并)(不)(鲜)(见)(,能)(否)(通)(过)(重)(组)(实)(现)(资)(源)(优)(势)(互)(补)(,达)(到)(“1+1〉2”的)(初)(衷)(,仍)(存)(变)(数)(。  再)(比)(如)(,改)(革)(文)(件)(中)(提)(及)(的)(“法)(无)(授)(权)(任)(何)(政)(府)(部)(门)(和)(机)(构)(不)(得)(干)(预)(”,实)(际)(操)(作)(中)(,企)(业)(监)(管)(牵)(扯)(多)(个)(部)(门)(、不)(同)(法)(规)(以)(及)(部)(门)(规)(章)(,协)(调)(起)(来)(异)(常)(复)(杂)(。为)(数)(不)(少)(的)(国)(有)(企)(业)(人)(士)(都)(曾)(向)(记)(者)(反)(映)(,“中)(梗)(阻)(”现)(象)(颇)(为)(常)(见)(,对)(改)(革)(进)(程)(形)(成)(阻)(碍)(。  【改)(革)(突)(围)(需)(打)(“组)(合)(拳)(”】  正)(如)(一)(位)(中)(央)(企)(业)(负)(责)(人)(所)(说)(,改)(革)(是)(个)(系)(统)(工)(程)(,也)(是)(一)(门)(精)(细)(活)(,尤)(其)(是)(在)(当)(前)(复)(杂)(的)(经)(济)(形)(势)(下)(,国)(有)(企)(业)(改)(革)(进)(入)(“深)(水)(区)(”,面)(临)(多)(重)(矛)(盾)(和)(困)(难)(,更)(加)(需)(要)(综)(合)(考)(量)(施)(策)(,打)(出)(一)(套)(“组)(合)(拳)(”。  如)(何)(激)(发)(微)(观)(主)(体)(的)(改)(革)(积)(极)(性)(,被)(视)(为)(“当)(务)(之)(急)(”。一)(些)(专)(家)(建)(议)(,一)(方)(面)(要)(放)(手)(让)(基)(层)(去)(探)(索)(,找)(到)(解)(决)(各)(种)(具)(体)(问)(题)(的)(“金)(钥)(匙)(”,及)(时)(总)(结)(经)(验)(予)(以)(推)(广)(;另)(一)(方)(面)(,要)(明)(确)(改)(革)(责)(任)(主)(体)(,防)(止)(出)(现)(“一)(锅)(责)(任)(粥)(,一)(笔)(糊)(涂)(账)(”。  而)(针)(对)(当)(前)(一)(些)(企)(业)(生)(产)(经)(营)(困)(难)(大)(的)(现)(状)(,一)(些)(专)(家)(提)(醒)(,国)(有)(困)(难)(企)(业)(只)(有)(卸)(下)(历)(史)(“包)(袱)(”,才)(可)(能)(获)(得)(新)(生)(,当)(前)(应)(发)(挥)(企)(业)(、市)(场)(、政)(府)(三)(方)(面)(的)(积)(极)(性)(,最)(大)(程)(度)(形)(成)(减)(负)(合)(力)(,支)(持)(改)(革)(轻)(装)(上)(阵)(。  【未)(来)(】记)(者)(注)(意)(到)(,近)(日)(召)(开)(的)(深)(改)(组)(会)(议)(在)(提)(到)(明)(年)(改)(革)(工)(作)(的)(总)(体)(思)(路)(时)(提)(到)(,突)(出)(问)(题)(导)(向)(,突)(出)(精)(准)(发)(力)(,突)(出)(完)(善)(制)(度)(,突)(出)(督)(察)(落)(实)(,把)(具)(有)(标)(志)(性)(、引)(领)(性)(的)(重)(点)(改)(革)(任)(务)(抓)(在)(手)(上)(,主)(动)(出)(击)(,贴)(身)(紧)(逼)(。中)(央)(政)(治)(局)(会)(议)(也)(提)(出)(,要)(积)(极)(稳)(妥)(推)(进)(企)(业)(优)(胜)(劣)(汰)(,通)(过)(兼)(并)(重)(组)(、破)(产)(清)(算)(,实)(现)(市)(场)(出)(清)(。要)(帮)(助)(企)(业)(降)(低)(成)(本)(,包)(括)(降)(低)(制)(度)(性)(交)(易)(成)(本)(、企)(业)(税)(费)(负)(担)(等)(。  既)(突)(出)(了)(对)(重)(点)(改)(革)(任)(务)(的)(督)(察)(落)(实)(,又)(突)(出)(了)(减)(轻)(企)(业)(负)(担)(,帮)(助)(企)(业)(轻)(装)(上)(阵)(。国)(企)(改)(革)(大)(幕)(已)(启)(,不)(管)(是)(落)(实)(已)(出)(台)(的)(改)(革)(,还)(是)(推)(出)(新)(的)(改)(革)(举)(措)(,都)(更)(加)(需)(要)(披)(荆)(斩)(棘)(的)(勇)(气)(,更)(加)(需)(要)(勇)(往)(直)(前)(的)(毅)(力)(,更)(加)(需)(要)(雷)(厉)(风)(行)(的)(作)(风)(。  作)(者)(:华)(晔)(迪)(
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